Articles by Coalition Members

Grading The Test: Why the bar exam fall short, and what should replace it by Jordan L. Couch, Esq. (Sep. 1, 2020)

Remote bar exams are risky and should be abandoned by Alana Quint (Aug. 25, 2020)

Stop Buying the Bar Exam Snake Oil by Catherine Perrone & Nicholas Ripley (Aug. 20, 2020)

The Orca, the App, and the Bar Exam by Mary Beth Kuznik (Aug. 15, 2020)

A Navy JAG Selectee’s Case for Diploma Privilege by Jessica Gaudette-Reed (Aug. 13, 2020)

Beyond the Bar Exam–Covid-19’s Call to the Legal World by Elizabeth Gil (Aug. 12, 2020)

The NCBE is a Joke, Give “Judge Judy” the Boot by Professor Bryan L. Frye (Aug. 5, 2020)

The Bar(rier) Exam: Privilege, Mental Health, and the UBE by Kavya Parsa & Maya Furukawa (July 31, 2020)

Diploma Privilege Now by Winn Periyasamy & Mary Kate Cunningham (July 30, 2020)

Rome Wasn’t Built in a Day and Online Bar Exams Can’t Be by Tim Zubizarreta (July 27, 2020)

Competency and the Remote October Bar Exams by Rachel Goodman (July 27, 2020)

The Pandemic Is Proving the Bar Exam Is Unjust and Unnecessary by Dr. Pilar Margarita Hernández Escontrías (July 23, 2020)

The Bar Exam Cancelation Means My Clients Won’t Have Access To Justice by Emily Croucher (July 21, 2020)

Remote bar exams for aspiring attorneys are a terrible and dangerous idea by Amanda Pescovitz (July 19, 2020)

The Inequity and Technology Behind an Online Bar Exam by Claire Newsome & Catherine Perrone (July 18, 2020)

The Life of a Disabled Bar Examinee by Johnny Carver (July 17, 2020)

Diploma Privilege and a Lament for the Lawyers by Tim Zubizarreta (July 14, 2020)

Why this pandemic is a good time to stop forcing prospective lawyers to take bar exams by Donna Saadati-Soto, Dr. Pilar Margarita Hernández Escontrías, Alyssa Leader & Emily Croucher (July 13, 2020)

The Diploma Privilege Manifesto by JURIST Editorial Board (July 9, 2020)

Remote Bar Exams Are Not the Answer by Vania M. Smith (July 9, 2020)

Requiring a Bar Exam in 2020 Perpetuates Systemic Inequities in the Legal System by Lauren Hutton-Work & Rae Guyse (July 6, 2020)

We Aren’t Willing to Leave Any Bar Applicants Behind by Dalton Hughes, Steven Tinetti & Mollie McGuire (July 6, 2020)

Diploma Privilege: What This Moment Demands by Vania M. Smith (June 26, 2020)

Florida Bar Examiners: Consider All Other Options to an In-Person Bar Exam in July 2020 by Florida Bar Exam Petition Organizers (June 24, 2020)

COVID-19 Is Creating a State of Emergency for Public Defenders. Diploma Privilege Is the Only Solution. by Stefanie Mundhenk & Emily M. Croucher (May 5, 2020)

Data Point: The Bar Exam Does Not Protect the Public by Professor Brit Benjamin (Apr. 27, 2020)

Diploma Privilege in the Era of COVID-19 by Matt Wagner (Apr. 26, 2020)

Does the Bar Exam Measure Competence? The Answer: We Have No Idea. by Donna Saadati-Soto, Dr. Pilar Margarita Hernández Escontrías & Julian Sarkar, Esq. (Apr. 21, 2020)

Why Emergency Diploma Privilege is the Right Solution for Licensure by Nafisa Y. Ahmed & Emily K. Blase (Apr. 15, 2020)

Why diploma privilege should be the California legal profession’s visionary response to COVID-19 by Dr. Pilar Margarita Hernández Escontrías & Donna Chayanne Saadati-Soto (Apr. 14, 2020)

Letter to the Editor: Cancel the Bar Exam by Professor Brit Benjamin (Apr. 10, 2020)

Diploma Privilege Is the Only Ethical and Humane Path to Licensure During the COVID-19 Crisis by Emily M. Croucher & Allyssa M. G. Scheyer (Apr. 9, 2020)

It’s Time for Universal Diploma Privilege by Professor Brian L. Frye (Apr. 6, 2020)

Press Coverage

Critics Say DC’s New Diploma Privilege Was ‘Designed to Fail.’ These Examinees Want to Fix It by Karen Sloan (, Sep. 28, 2020)

Cheating. Frozen Computers. Typing Lags. Bar Examinees Raise Red Flags Over Looming Online Test by Karen Sloan (, Sep. 23, 2020)

Pennsylvania Senate committee considers emergency diploma privilege for law school graduates by Zoe Gujral (JURIST, Sep. 22, 2020)

October online bar is less than a month away, and test-takers report significant software problems by Stephanie Francis Ward (ABA Journal, Sep. 17, 2020)

D.C. Inches Closer to Allowing Law Graduates to Skip Bar Exam by Sam Skolnik (Bloomberg Law, Sep. 15, 2020)

Top DC Court Says It May Allow Law Grads To Skip Bar Exam by Hailey Konnath (Law360, Sep. 15, 2020)

Disabled Grads Sue in Calif. Over Bar Exam, Claim Virus Risk by Sam Skolnik (Bloomberg Law, Sep. 15, 2020)

Pandemic Provides Opportunity to Rethink the Bar Exam by Dean Erwin Chemerinsky (Bloomberg Law, Aug. 25, 2020)

Public Interest Organizations Back Diploma Privilege for Law Grads by Karen Sloan (, Aug. 20, 2020)

‘Literal hell’— how the pandemic made the bar exam even more excruciating for future lawyers by Abigail Hess (CNBC: Make It, Aug. 19, 2020)

Software provider pulls out of remotely proctored bar exams because of technology concerns by Stephanie Francis Ward (ABA Journal, Aug. 18, 2020)

Technical glitches postpone Florida Bar exams by Dan Sullivan (Tampa Bay Times, Aug. 17, 2020)

Hogan Partners, Law Deans Push For D.C. Diploma Privilege by Sam Skolnik (Bloomberg Law, Aug. 13, 2020)

Test-Takers Say Florida’s Online Bar Exam Is a Disaster Waiting to Happen by Karen Sloan (, Aug. 11, 2020)

The Florida Bar exam software crashes, freezes and can lead to hacks, examinees say by Jack Evans (Tampa Bay Times, Aug. 11, 2020)

Fla. Bar Exam Software Sows Chaos For Grads by Carolina Bolado (Law360, Aug. 10, 2020)

Bar exam proctoring company pulls out of remote bar exam administrations scheduled for October by Thomas DeLorenzo (JURIST, Aug. 7, 2020)

Maryland law school deans, recent graduates urge state to temporarily waive bar exam by Lillian Reed (Baltimore Sun, Aug. 7, 2020)

ABA Does the Right Thing and Stands with Law School Graduates in the Midst of the Pandemic by Dean Patricia Salkin (JURIST, Aug. 5, 2020)

Bar Exams’ Facial Recognition Deployment Is Heightening Test Takers’ Anxiety by Victoria Hudgins (, Aug. 5, 2020)

ABA House calls on state bar admission authorities to cancel unsafe in-person bar exams during COVID pandemic by Bernard Hibbitts (JURIST, Aug. 4, 2020)

Ditch In-Person Bar Exams During Pandemic, ABA Says by Karen Sloan (, Aug. 4, 2020)

Dealing with a COVID-19 bar exam by The Daily Record Editorial Advisory Board (Maryland Daily Record, July 31, 2020)

D.C. Weighs Alternative Licensing for Law School Grads by Sam Skolnik (Bloomberg Law, July 30, 2020)

Pa. Bar Association Board Recommends Diploma Privilege by Matt Fair (Law360, July 30, 2020)

Person who took bar exam at University of Denver tests positive for COVID-19 following contested test by Elizabeth Hernandez (Denver Post, July 30, 2020)

An Open Letter on the 2020 Bar Exam from Law Deans by Dean Kerry Abrams et al. (Medium: Kimberly Mutcherson, July 30, 2020)

She and other Colorado law grads worried that a coronavirus bar exam was a bad idea. Then she tested positive. by Jesse Paul (Colorado Sun, July 30, 2020)

The Case for Replacing the Bar Exam With “Diploma Privilege” by Professor Ilya Somin (Reason: The Volokh Conspiracy, July 29, 2020)

Indiana changes online bar exam again after ‘repeated and unforeseen technical complications’ by Stephanie Francis Ward (ABA Journal, July 29, 2020)

Michigan online bar exam temporarily taken down by ‘sophisticated’ cyberattack by Maggie Miller (The Hill, July 28, 2020)

Michigan Bar exam crashes online; company points to cyberattack by Kim Kozlowski (Detroit News, July 28, 2020)

Cyber Attack Locks Michigan Bar Exam Takers Out of Online Test by Allie Reed (Bloomberg Law, July 28, 2020)

First Online Bar Exam Marred by Tech Problems by Karen Sloan (, July 28, 2020)

Michigan online bar exam crashes in middle of testing by David Jesse (Detroit Free Press, July 28, 2020)

Online Bar Exams Come With Face Scans, Discrimination Concerns by Allie Reed (Bloomberg Law, July 28, 2020)

Michigan’s online bar exam testers worry software tracks eye movements, noises by David Jesse (Detroit Free Press, July 28, 2020)

Thousands of Law Grads to Take Bar Exam In Person Despite Covid by Sam Skolnik (Bloomberg Law, July 28, 2020)

Indiana and Nevada Postpone Bar Exams, Raising Questions About Feasibility of Online Tests by Karen Sloan (, July 27, 2020)

Online bar exams delayed in 2 states because of issues with testing software by Debra Cassens Weiss (ABA Journal, July 27, 2020)

Bar Examiners ‘Failed’ COVID-19 Test, Prof Says by Emma Cueto (Law360, July 27, 2020)

Nevada bar exam postponed because of software problem by David Ferrara (Las Vegas Review-Journal, July 27, 2020)

Pandemic Lays Bare The Inequities Inherent In The Bar Exam by Naomi Shatz & Katherine Dullea (Law360, July 23, 2020)

Insurers Don’t Really Care if Big Law Lawyers Pass the Bar Exam by Roy Strom (Bloomberg Law, July 23, 2020)

Hundreds of New York Law Professors Endorse Emergency Diploma Privilege by Karen Sloan (, July 22, 2020)

Louisiana Joins The Diploma Privilege Party, Will Let Law Grads Skip Bar Exam by Karen Sloan (, July 22, 2020)

Law school graduates worried about security, privacy of online bar exam by Maggie Miller (The Hill, July 14, 2020)

Push for Diploma Privilege in New York Intensifies as September Exam Looms by Karen Sloan (, July 13, 2020)

Cancel the bar exam? California considers allowing law graduates to skip test due to COVID-19 by Dale Kasler (Sacramento Bee, July 9, 2020)

Push For Diploma Privilege Unites Law Grads Nationwide edited by Jill Coffey (Law360, July 8, 2020)

Texas Supreme Court’s Failure to Offer Alternative Licensure Option Unnecessarily Hinders Our State’s Future Lawyers by Professor Michael Ariens (, July 7, 2020)

Proposed Bill Would Grant Emergency Diploma Privilege in New York by Karen Sloan (, July 7, 2020)

Illinois Law School Grads Ask State To Let Them Skip The Bar Exam Because Of COVID-19 by Kate McGee (WBEZ, July 6, 2020)

Opinion: Reassessing value of bar exam is long overdue by Judge Darleen Ortega (Oregonian, July 5, 2020)

Law School Deans Lobby California Court for Diploma Privilege in Virus Era by Cheryl Miller (, July 2, 2020)

National Momentum Builds for Diploma Privilege as Oregon Makes Bar Exam Optional by Karen Sloan (, June 30, 2020)

States Pressured to Waive Bar Exam for New Lawyers in Pandemic by Sam Skolnik (Bloomberg Law, June 30, 2020)

Law students argue taking Florida Bar exam in person is a COVID-19 risk. They want options by Haley Lerner (Miami Herald, June 30, 2020)

Texas Should Cancel Its 2020 Bar Exam by Professor Renee Knake & Professor Dave Fagundes (Law360, June 30, 2020)

INSIGHT: New York’s Bar Exam Changes Are Misguided—Here’s a New Proposal by Professor Claudia Angelos et al. (Bloomberg Law, May 7, 2020)

Bar exam does little to ensure attorney competence, say lawyers in diploma privilege state by Stephanie Francis Ward (ABA Journal, April 21, 2020)

D.C. Court of Appeals Cancels Bar Exam Over ‘Health Emergency’ by Sam Skolnik (Bloomberg Law, Apr. 15, 2020)

Making the Case for Provisional Bar Licenses in the Coronavirus Pandemic by Dean Erwin Chemerinsky & Dean Jennifer Mnookin (Apr. 8, 2020)

Additional Background

An Epic Fail by Professor Marsha Griggs (Howard Law Journal, 2020)

The NCBE’s Wrong-Headed Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic by Professor Michael S. Ariens (2020)

Diploma Privilege and the Constitution by Professor Claudia Angelos et al. (SMU Law Review Forum, 2020)

The Bar Exam and the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Need for Immediate Action by Professor Claudia Angelos et al. (2020)

Let ‘Em Practice: Why States Should Adopt Temporary Diploma Privilege by Nicholas Eaton (University of Cincinnati Law Review, 2020)

The Bar Examination and the Dream Deferred: A Critical Analysis of the MBE, Social Closure, and Racial and Ethnic Stratification by William C. Kidder (Law and Social Inquiry, 2004)

No African-American Lawyers Allowed: The Inefficient Racism of the Aba’s Accreditation of Law Schools by George B. Shepherd (Journal of Legal Education, 2001)

The Wisconsin Diploma Privilege: Try It, You’ll Like It by Professor Beverly I. Moran (Wisconsin Law Review, 2000)

Do We Need the Bar Examination? A Critical
Evaluation of the Justifications for the Bar
Examination and Proposed Alternatives
by Daniel R. Hansen (Case Western Reserve Law Review, 1995)

Use of the Diploma Privilege in the United States by Professor Thomas W. Goldman (Tulsa Law Review, 1974)

Do Bar Examinations Serve a Useful Purpose? by Judge Edward F. Bell (ABA Journal, 1971)